2/23/2018

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Business Definitions

Business Definitions
Definitions A
Definitions B
Definitions C
Definitions D
Definitions E
Definitions F
Definitions G
Definitions H
Definitions I
Definitions J,K
Definitions L
Definitions M
Definitions N
Definitions O
Definitions P,Q
Definitions R
Definitions S
Definitions T
Definitions U,V
Definitions W,X
Definitions Y,Z

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Business Terms and Definitions (F)

Face Value: The value of an insurance policy, bond, or currency note at it's date of maturity.

Fair Market Value: The price of an asset that passes freely from a seller to a buyer with each having knowledge of relevant facts and data relating to the asset.

Federal Deficit: When the federal government spends more money than it takes in, it creates a shortage of revenue and causes a need to borrow funds to pay it's debts.

Federal Reserve (The Fed): An independent corporation under the auspices of the United States Congress that conducts monetary policy, regulates banking, maintains stability in the financial markets, and establishes financial policies for the government.

Federal Farm Credit Bank: Lending institutions that offer credit to farmers and ranchers using funds from the sale of short term discount notes and Federal Banking Securities, which are long term bonds.

Financial Reports: Documentation of information presented to owners, proprietors, or management teams of companies, about their business enterprise and operational functions concerning how well they are operating financially.

Fiscal Policy: Budgeting policy regarding the yearly income (Fiscal Year) and spending practices of the federal government using money raised through taxes. The fiscal policy determines economic growth or decline which effects whether there is inflation or recession.

Fiscal Year: Any 12 month period designated by the federal government, corporations, or other organizations as the time frame for filing financial reports and income statements. A fiscal year does not have to be from January 1 to December 31.

Fixed Rate Loan: A loan that is fully amortized with a constant payment. The interest rate does not adjust over the term of the loan but usually has a higher initial cost than that of an adjustable rate loan.

Foreclosure: A legal process that allows creditors to initiate the the taking of collateral that was used to secure a debt. A lender is usually required to file a motion in court to obtain a judgment before seizing property and auctioning it off to satisfy the debt.

Foreign Exchange Rate: How the relationship between the values of currencies and commodities of different countries are determined.

Fraud: Intentional deception that causes injury to another through false statements or the concealment of material facts. Identity theft, the unauthorized use of credit cards, and the unauthorized manipulation of someone else's money are fraudulent practices. Fraud is punishable under state and federal laws.

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