9/19/2017

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Ruby

Rubies are mineral gemstones that come in several hues of red with each hue having it's own name, such as ruby red, pigeon blood red, carmine, raspberry, and rose red. Some rubies have violet and light brown tints.

The word "ruby" comes from the Latin "ruber" for it's red color.

After diamonds, rubies are the second hardest gemstone. A ruby's hardness depends on the direction of the cut because, unlike diamonds, it is without cleavage.

Some of the higher quality rubies sell for almost as much as diamonds of the same size.

Rubies are the birthstones for those who are born in the month of July, but they are worn by many who are fond of them for their brilliance and absolute beauty.

Clear, transparent, stones of deeper red hues are the most prized rubies, especially if they have the six rayed star in the middle, called star rubies.

Some of the most famous rubies are the Edwardes ruby, which weighs in at 167 carats, the Rosser Reeves star ruby, weighing in at 138.7 carats, and the DeLong ruby, which weighs 100 carats. The Peace ruby, found in 1919 just after World War I, weighs 43 carats.

Large rubies are rare and very expensive.

Most of the largest and most well known rubies are now located in museums, part of royal jewel collections, or are owned by wealthy collectors.

Central Burma is where the finest, most prized rubies are found. Rubies are also found in large deposits in Thailand, India, China, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Afghanistan, and Russia.

In the United States, rubies can be found in North Carolina and Montana.

Although rubies are adorned on precious metals and other jewelry, they are also used for industrial purposes and for bearings in watches and other mechanical instruments.

 

 

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