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The Tenth Month of the Year

October is the tenth month of the year in the Gregorian and Julian calendars. The word October is derived from the Latin word "Octo" which means eight. October was originally the eighth month in the Roman calendar but after two months, January and February, were added to the Julian calendar around 46 B.C., it became the tenth month.

As one of the numbered months, the name October was not changed to reflect it's position on the calendar. It is one of seven months with 31 days.

The weather in October is cool in the northern hemisphere as it is an autumn month. In the southern hemisphere, it is warm because it is a spring month.

The birthstones for October are Opal and Tourmaline.

  • As the traditional birthstone for the month of October, Opal represents a strong sense of assurance, hope, and well being.
  • Tourmaline is the modern birthstone for October. It is called the "peace stone" because it is said to dispel fear when being worn and it peacefully calms the person who is wearing it.

The flower for October is the Calendula.

  • Calendulas are flowers that are found mainly in the northern Mediterranean countries. It get's it's name, a take on the calendar, from it's tendency to bloom once a month or every new moon.

Interesting things that happened in October:

  • Christopher Columbus discovered the new world on Oct. 12, 1492.
  • On October 24, 1861, the first transcontinental telegraph message was sent from San Francisco to Washington, DC.
  • On October 28, 1886, President Grover Cleveland dedicated the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor.
  • On Tuesday, October 29, 1929, the stock market crashed. It became known as Black Tuesday, the beginning of the Great Depression.
  • On October 17, 1989, an earthquake measuring 7.1 on the Richter scale struck the San Francisco Bay area causing widespread damage.

The 12 months of the year:


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