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Dia de la Bandera (Mexico Flag Day)

Dia de la Bandera is a Mexican national holiday.

Dia de la Bandera has been celebrated each year on February 24 since 1937. In a ceremony in front of the monument dedicated to General Don Vincente Guerrero, President Lazaro Cardenas made Dia de la Bandera a national holiday.

The holiday honors General Guerrero, the first general to pledge allegiance to the flag of Mexico, which at that time was fighting for it's independence from Spain.

On March 12, 1821, Guerrero joined forces with General Agustin de Iturbide, who would go on to become the first president of Mexico, and other rebel leaders to proclaim Mexico an Independent Constitutional Monarchy under what was called the "Plan de Iguala."

The Plan de Iguala, also known as the "Plan of the Three Guarantees," proclaimed three basic principles that would be put in place when Mexico gained full independence. The guarantees, based on the white, red and green colors of the Mexican flag, represented religion, independence and unity.

The initial plan by de Iturbide gave civil rights to poor Mexicans and Indians but not to Mexicans of African descent. Guerrero insisted that equal rights be given to all Mexicans regardless of race, color, or class and refused to sign the plan as it was written.

Then Clause 12 was added to it. Clause 12 read:

  • All inhabitants--without distinction of their European, African or Indian origins are citizens-- with full freedom to pursue their livelihoods according to their merits and virtues.

Clause 12 of the plan abolished class distinctions between Spaniards, Creoles, Mestizos, Indians and people of African descent. Catholicism was made the state religion.

On the same day, José Magdaleno Ocampo, a tailor contracted by de Iturbide, presented the new diagonal striped white, red, and green flag of Mexico. De Iturbide wrote the Plan de Iguala and based it on the the colors of the flag.

  • The white represents the purity of the Catholic religion.
  • The green represents hope, peace, and unity of the Mexican people.
  • The red represents the blood of those who gave their lives for the liberation of their country.

Ocampo's flag, commonly known as the "Pendon Trigarante," is one of the defining symbols of Mexican Independence. Although certain features on the flag has changed over the years, the colors have remained the same.

The modern flag has the national coat of arms in the center of the white stripe. An eagle is hold a snake in its beak while perching on a prickly pear. The prickly pear is growing out of rocks that are in the middle of a lake. Below the eagle is a wreath make of oak and laurel is tied with green, white red ribbon.

On Dia de la Bandera, there is music, parades, food, and many other festivities held throughout Mexico.

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