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The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

UNICEF is a program created by the United Nations to provide assistance to families in developing nations.

On December 11, 1946, just after the end of World War II, the United Nations developed a strategy to provide long term assistance to children and mothers in countries that had been devastated by the war and and to help poor and developing countries find ways to lift their citizens out of poverty.

Ludwik Rajchman (1881-1965), a Polish bacteriologist, is considered the founding father of UNICEF. He served as its first chairman from 1946 to 1950.

During the 1950's, UNICEF took on a broader role by directing it's efforts towards the education and welfare of women and children around the world by providing food, shelter, healthcare needs, and opening schools.

It provides support for the prevention, treatment, and the eradication of diseases. Over the years, UNICEF has been on the forefront of educating people about HIV/AIDs and in recent times, the fight against the spread of the Ebola virus.

The overall goal of UNICEF is to provide assistance that will make a positive impact on living conditions around the world and to get the best results while doing it in a way that is cost effective and well managed.

Located in New York City, UNICEF is a member of the United Nations Development Group and its Executive Committee. Its activities are financed largely by governments that contribute about two thirds of it's revenue and the other one third is by private donations.

There are more than 200 offices in countries and territories around the world and thousands of paid and volunteer workers. The work performed by UNICEF staff members is so important that in 1965, it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

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