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Information about the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

FEMA Regional Districts
Are You Prepared?
Be Informed
Biological Terrorism
Chemical Weapons
Consider Your Pets
Emergency Kit
Emergency Money
Family Communication Plan
Fire Safety
If You Have To Evacuate
Important Documents
Information Management
Get Involved
Make A Plan
Medical Supplies
Personal Support Network
Stay Or Go
The Elderly and Disabled
Vehicle Emergency Kit
Working Together


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Emergency Kits

The reality of a disaster situation is that you will likely not have access to everyday conveniences. To plan in advance, think through the details of your everyday life. You should include the following in your planning:

The first step is to consider how an emergency might affect your individual needs. Plan to make it on your own, for at least three days. It's possible that you will not have access to a medical facility or even a drugstore. It is crucial that you and your family think about what kinds of resources you use on a daily basis and what you might do if those resources are limited or not available.

Basic Emergency Supplies: Think first about the basics for survival - food, water, prescription medicines, clean air and any life-sustaining items you require.

Consider two kits. In one, put everything you will need to stay where you are and make it on your own for a period of time. The other kit should be a lightweight, smaller version you can take with you if you have to leave your home.

You should also keep emergency supplies in your car and at your office such as protein bars, canned foods, water, a pair of tennis shoes, and a sweater or jacket in your car.

Recommended basic emergency supplies include:

  • Fresh water: One gallon of water per person per day for at least three days or longer for drinking and sanitation.
  • Food, at least a three-day supply of non-perishable foods such as dried fruits, nuts, protein bars, etc. Canned goods such as string beans, corn, carrots, vienna sausage, spaghetti, or other pre-cooked and ready to eat foods.
  • A hand held can opener and a bottle opener if kit contains canned food and bottles that have metal caps.
  • For colder climates, include warm clothing and sleeping bags for each family member.
  • Emergency matches and a hand operated lighter.
  • Battery-powered or hand crank radio and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert and extra batteries for both.
  • Flashlights and extra batteries.
  • Whistles and a hand held mirror for getting attention.
  • Dusk mask to help filter contaminated air and plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter-in-place.
  • Feminine and personal hygiene supplies.
  • Infant formula, diapers, etc.
  • Paper or plastic knives, forks, spoons.
  • Moist towelettes, garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation.
  • Wrench and pliers to turn off utilities.
  • Pocket knife, rope, and small hammer.
  • Pencils and paper
  • Books, games, crayons, puzzles for children.
  • Local maps. You should always familiarize yourself with the main streets, roads, and highways wherever you live.
  • Pet food, extra water and supplies for your pets or service animals if you have them.
  • Fire extinguisher

If you take medicine or use a medical treatment on a daily basis, be sure you have what you need on hand to make it on your own for at least a week. You should also keep a copy of your prescriptions as well as dosage or treatment in formation.

You can either build your own emergency kit or purchase one and if you purchase one, you can add additional supplies to fit your needs.

Listed below are talking points developed by FEMA that will help you in making you and your family as prepared as possible if there is a disaster in the area in which you live.

(1) Are you prepared?

(2) Be informed

(3) Chemical and biological terrorism

(4) Chemical and biological weapons

(5) Consider your pets

(6) Create a personal support network

(7) Develop a family communication plan

(8) Emergency Information Management

(9) Emergency kit

(10) Emergency money

(11) Fire safety

(12) Get involved

(13) If you have to evacuate

(14) Important documents

(15) Make a plan

(16) Medical supplies

(17) Shelter-in-place

(18) Stay or go

(19) The elderly and the disabled

(20) Vehicle emergency kit

(21) Working together

Preparing Makes Sense. Get Ready Now.

Information was developed by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in consultation with AARP, the American Red Cross and the National Organization on Disability.

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